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What You Need to Know About Accident Legal Matters

The unexpected and typically sudden events that happen without intention or conscious thought, though sometimes due to negligence, ignorance or inattention.

Accident lawyers can review your medical records, talk to witnesses and experts like life-care planners to assess how your injury will impact your future. They also have experience dealing with insurance adjusters and know how to negotiate a fair settlement.


In legal terms, neglect is considered to be a tort. They are civil wrongs that belong to a different category than criminal crimes. Negligence cases are those where the defendant does not apply a reasonable amount of care and caution with their actions or actions. This failure can result in unintentional injury or harm to a person. Negligence is a leading cause of injuries and accidents. This is the case with car accidents or slip and fall accidents at restaurants, in businesses or private homes, and medical negligence (when doctors fail to adhere to the guidelines of care).

A claim for negligence is based on four elements that include duty breach, causation, and damages. First, the defendant has to be obligated to show diligence to the plaintiff. It could be a duty to take an action or to refrain from doing something under certain conditions. For instance in a car accident case, all drivers owe the duty to drive with caution and obey traffic laws. The defendant then violates this duty in a reckless or negligent manner in any way. This includes texting while driving, speeding, or not wearing a seatbelt. It is crucial to remember that the violation must directly cause injuries. A defendant is not responsible for an injury which was caused by another cause, such as the victim’s nervousness or upset or the natural catastrophe that is out of their control.

If the court finds that the defendant had a duty to the plaintiff of care, the next step is to show that the defendant breached that obligation by failing to take action or by taking act that was contrary to the obligation. It could be an act or an oversight. The court must also determine that the breach of duty directly caused the victim’s injury or loss. This can be proved by establishing a causal connection that is a close connection between the breach of duty and a direct, proximate cause of the loss or injury, such as the above examples.

In the past, American court systems followed a doctrine known as contributory negligence. This meant that the victim was not entitled to compensation if he or had even been partially accountable for his or her own injuries. However, most states now use a model known as pure comparative fault or comparative negligence that allows victims to receive less compensation, based on their degree of responsibility for the accident.


Damages are awarded in accident legal actions to compensate victims of their losses. They can come in many forms and are classified into two categories: special damages and general damages. Special damages are tangible and straightforward to prove. They include medical bills, property damage and out-of-pocket legal costs and court costs. General damages aren’t quite as tangible and could include emotional pain and suffering loss of enjoyment of life, physical impairment, and disfigurement.

During the investigation stage of your case, our team will collect and review all documentation that pertains to your accident. This will help us create a complete picture of your losses and determine the amount of damages you are entitled to receive. Our lawyers will work closely with experts to ensure that the damages are accurately assessed and calculated.

Economic damages can be documented with an evidence trail on paper and are usually simple to calculate. Examples of this include medical bills, property damage, and lost wages. If you can prove future economic damages, like the cost of ongoing medical treatment or loss of earning capacity, our lawyers will consult with expert witnesses to help estimate these costs.

Non-economic losses can be difficult to quantify as there isn’t a clear financial value for these types of losses. These are the damages that are typically awarded in car accident cases. These include discomfort and pain and loss of enjoyment of life, emotional distress and loss of consortium. The severity of your injuries and the impact they have on your quality of life, will determine the amount of suffering and pain you endure.

Loss of enjoyment of life refers to the impact that an injury can have on your ability to participate in the activities you love like recreation or hobbies. This category also includes physical impairments and disfigurement that have negative effects on your everyday life.

Punitive damages for car accidents aren’t common however, they can be awarded if the defendant’s conduct was especially outrageous, for instance in the event that he/she committed reckless conduct or fraud. These types of damages are intended to punish the defendant, and discourage others from engaging in similar actions.

Expert Witnesses

Expert witnesses are a vital part of a successful personal injury case. Expert witnesses are experts who didn’t witness the accident, but who have specialized expertise, training, and/or expertise regarding the specifics of your claim they can share with a jury.

A lot of times, a car crash expert will be brought in to provide a thorough analysis of the accident. This is particularly true when there are no witnesses. They may be asked to recreate the event or create physical and computer models to show the way in which a crash occurred. Their knowledge can help attorneys gain a concrete understanding of the accident which they can use to convince juries and insurance companies that you are entitled to compensation.

Another common kind of expert witness is medical experts. They are doctors who can testify about the medical condition of a victim or the injury they suffered in a collision. They can explain to jurors what caused the accident that could have caused the condition. They can also offer guidance on treatment options and ways to recover.

Engineering experts are often employed in claims for attorneys car accidents. They are able to discuss the technical aspects of a crash such as the design of the road as well as the construction, and other physical properties that are involved in the collision and even the vehicle’s design. Your lawyer will be able to identify which experts will be most useful in your specific case.

Mental health experts are frequently utilized in personal injury cases. They can assist in estimating the value of emotional injuries, such as suffering and pain, and loss of enjoyment of life.

Generally speaking an expert witness has to be licensed to practice in the field they are testifying about. There are exceptions to the rule, and laws vary from state to state. Personal injury attorneys are the best to ask about the laws governing expert witnesses in the particular area. In many states experts are required to reveal their credentials and areas of their expertise prior to being called to testify. This is in order to avoid potential bias or conflicts of interest.

Time Limits

Depending on your situation the law has different deadlines to file lawsuits against those who caused the accident. Limitations on time for filing lawsuits vary from state to state. Your case could be dismissed if don’t meet the deadline. It is important to speak with an experienced lawyer as quickly as you can after an accident so you don’t miss the statute of limitations deadline.

In New York for example, you have three years to file a claim following an accident. This doesn’t mean you have to wait until after the deadline to submit your claim. It’s usually better to file sooner, while the details of the incident are fresh in your mind. It will also make it easier for you to locate and speak to witnesses.

You may make a civil suit against the person responsible for the incident if you wish to seek compensation for personal injuries or property damage. A lawsuit must be filed before the time when the statute of limitations expires or you will not be able to hold a third party responsible.

The clock starts ticking the date of your accident. The statute of limitations may be extended in certain situations. If the cause of injury isn’t immediately apparent and attorneys you do not discover it right away, then your case could remain open under the discovery rule.

Minors also have special rules regarding time limits. If a child is injured in a car crash the child has up to two years from when the statute of limitations expires to bring a lawsuit on their own behalf.

If you decide to sue the local or municipal government the statute of limitations is much shorter. If you get into an accident with a City of New York garbage truck or police vehicle, or Sanitation Department pick-up truck, for instance, you’ll have just 90 days to file a notice of claim before the statute of limitations is cut off.